Chili pepper is very useful for the body, although this product has opponents. Considering all of its qualities, many gardeners grow this crop in their backyards, on the balcony, or simply on the windowsill. About all the positive and negative qualities of Chile, as well as the characteristics of cultivation will be described later in the article.

The composition and calorie content of Chile

The main use of chili pepper since ancient times - cooking

The bright color and sharp taste of chili pepper can not fail to attract the attention of lovers of everything burning. The bush of this plant grows to 60 cm on average, although there are more and less varieties. A vegetable looks like a small fruit of a pepper-shaped form up to 4 cm long. Classic Chile is bright red, but it can also be yellow, orange, purple, green and some other colors.

Interesting! Chile is home to tropical Africa. Most of all today, it is grown in India and Chile. There is a traditional and well-loved product.

The main use of chili pepper since ancient times - cooking. It can be used fresh or dried. You can eat it in pieces (although it is very sharp), rings are usually thrown into dishes during stewing, cooking, frying, and sometimes it is crushed into a powdery mass and consumed as simple black pepper, only in smaller quantities. In addition, this culture has won an honorable place in alternative medicine and cosmetology.

Chilli contains an abundance of vitamins (including A, B2, B6, C, K and 35 others), as well as about 20 minerals. The main biologically active substance in a vegetable is capsaicin, a phenolic compound that makes it so hot. 100 g of the pods contain 0.44 g of fat, 1.87 g of proteins, and 7.31 g of carbohydrates. Caloric content of 100 g of a product is 40 kcal.

Useful properties and harm of chili pepper

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Chili pepper has a lot of useful qualities, but it can also bring harm. First, let's deal with the benefits of the product.

Chili Pepper May Prevent Poisoning

  • Due to alkaloid capsaicin, pepper has antibacterial, immunomodulating, antiviral properties. When interacting with the sharp juice of this product, 75% of harmful bacteria and infections simply die, for this reason it is recommended to eat it for inflammations, colds and in some other cases.
  • For people with gastrointestinal problems, hot peppers can help improve their work and improve their appetite. In addition, heavy food is much easier for the stomach to digest if it consumes hot pepper in small amounts.
  • In the case of men, hot peppers increase the potency.
  • It is a world-recognized aphrodisiac.
  • The liver and cardiovascular system works more smoothly with regular use of hot peppers.
Interesting! Pepper chili can prevent poisoning.
  • It improves blood circulation, prevents the development of blood clots, atherosclerosis, makes the walls of blood vessels elastic. Due to the expansion of blood vessels, he brings the pressure back to normal.
  • The use of Chile leads to an increase in the level of endorphin in the blood, a hormone that improves mood and relieves depression. It reduces pain and is characterized by sweating and laxative effects.
  • Hot pepper lowers blood sugar, so it can and even should be used in diabetes.
  • In folk medicine, it is used for rheumatism, arthritis, and radiculitis.
  • If you use it as a mask for external use, pepper stimulates hair growth.

Harm chili pepper can be very strong if you eat it incorrectly or in unlimited quantities.

  • Limit the use of the product to people with acute gastrointestinal diseases (ulcers, gastritis, pancreatitis) and liver.
  • If you eat more chili peppers each day, you can get regular heartburn and even aggravate various diseases.
  • It is not recommended to use hot pepper with hypertension, as well as pregnant and lactating women.
  • For children, it can be too dangerous, because their stomachs are not as strong as in adults.
  • Chili can cause burns to the mucous membranes, so after cutting or picking it you should wash your hands well and not rub your eyes.

Growing chili peppers

Photo of pepper in the open field

Growing Chile in open and closed ground is almost the same as sweet pepper. To begin with, it is desirable to grow the seedlings, then harden it, plant it in a permanent place when the shoots reach 15 cm in height (1.5-2 months), and care for them. In the southern regions you can use the seedless method. If the region is cold is used for growing greenhouse, and if it is warm, then it can be grown in open ground.

  • In terms of care, it is very important to ensure proper watering. Bush of chili pepper may be small, but its root is able to grow to a considerable depth and therefore watering is abundant, not superficial.
  • It is very important in the care of a bush to form it correctly. The fact is that Chile forms a powerful bush and blooms almost continuously. If in time to pinch the top and side branches, as well as remove excess flowers, you can get a very beautiful, ornamental plant.
Important! If you do not form a bush of Chile, it will still grow quickly and produce a crop, though the peppercorns will be small.
  • If the bush is big or there is a lot of harvest on it, you should install a support and tie it up. This will not only ease the burden on the plant, but also the harvest of the gardener.
  • To the yield was high, and the plant had a rich color of foliage and did not hurt, it is fed from time to time. Feeding can be carried out once a week or less. As a nutrient, you can take mineral fertilizers for tomatoes or a simple infusion of wood ash.
  • If a gardener wants to grow a crop all year round, after harvesting the last crop he needs to transplant the bush into a large pot, cut at a height of 10-15 cm and put it in the cellar until spring. With the subsequent spring planting, you can see that in the second year the culture develops much faster.

The crop on this plant matures gradually. And you can collect both ripe and immature pepper. If an immature crop is harvested, it is usually done in the fall, when it is already cool outside, you just need to hang it at home or put it on the window sill - it can ripen on its own.

Chile pepper varieties for growing at home

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Chile pepper varieties for growing at home

Growing chili peppers at home is a common practice. This is an unpretentious plant. And if you choose the right variety, you can get a productive, homely bush.

  • "Medusa" interesting homemade pepper, giving a bush only 20 cm in height. Fruits up to 5 cm long, bent.
  • "Orange miracle" is a well-known variety, which gives shrubs up to 35 cm of neat appearance and shape. It does not require serious care, but gives orange, burning peppercorns.
  • "Aladdin" is different in that it gives multicolored peppers: green, cream, red, purple. This plant is a real decoration for an apartment or house.
  • "Little miracle" variety early maturing, giving small Perchina. When ripe, they turn green, red, orange or purple.
  • "Queen of Spades" - mid-season variety. The bushes are almost round, up to 30 cm. Peppers are shiny, they grow with their noses up. At first they are purple, but as they ripen they give a cherry tint.

How to grow chili pepper on the windowsill?

Photo of chili pepper on the windowsill

At home, you can grow chili peppers on the balcony or on the windowsill. It's pretty simple to do. Seeds are sown around the beginning of March, when the daylight becomes longer. Before that, they are soaked for several days in gauze soaked in water in a warm place. This will allow the seeds to slip, and seedlings will appear earlier, otherwise dry seeds will germinate in a pot in about a month!

A box or seed pot needs to be filled with 2 cm of expanded clay, and a universal primer should be poured over it. Now the land is well leveled, and holes are made up to 0.5 cm in depth at a distance of 6 cm from each other. They sow germinated seeds, sprinkled with earth and moistened with a spray bottle. Now it is necessary to cover the container with a film and put it where it is warm, light and from time to time check that the earth does not dry out.

It is important! Water the chili pepper and make any fertilizer necessary strictly under the root, because the leaves of the plant are tender and burns can occur.

For a sprouted seedling, an 18 hour daylight day is needed, so it is illuminated whenever possible. After the appearance of 2 leaves, you can cross each sprout with an earthy clod in a separate pot. Now it remains to provide only the right care.

  • For normal development, pepper is recommended to be grown at a temperature of + 22 ... +25 degrees in summer and within +16 degrees in winter.
  • Watering the pepper, growing in a pot can be up to 2 times a day, with low humidity. Or every 1-2 days, if the humidity is in the normal range. If there is not enough water, the pepper will drop the leaves.
  • In March, the bushes are usually pruned to rejuvenate and remove old or weak pagons.
  • If the ovaries are small, you can artificially pollinate the flowers simply by shaking them.
  • Fed the pepper on the windowsill once a month with complex fertilizer.

Proper cultivation of chili pepper can provide a gardener with a healthy, tasty vegetable for the whole year. And if there is no vegetable garden, it is possible to grow room varieties without any problems on the windowsill or on the balcony, getting small yields of burning fruits.