Experienced beekeepers always use a piece of cloth. It not only simplifies the work of the bees, but also speeds up the time to get honey. There are several types of honeycombs made in different ways. The fact that such a foundation for bees, what it is used for and how you can do it yourself will be discussed later in the article.

What is beeswax for bees?


Waxing is wax leaves that are inserted into the frame. On both sides, they have prints of hexagonal grade. When using honeycombs, bees are much easier to work with, because they simply build their stores for honey or brood brood over these hex impressions. If there is no foundation in the frame, then the insects have to spend a lot of time and effort to build new cells from scratch, as in nature.

Important! If there is a waxed preparation - the base for honeycombs, the bees do the job much faster.

Types of mite

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There are three types of honeycomb, which is used in modern beekeeping.

Photo of natural wax

  1. Natural is made from pure wax without artificial impurities. This type is considered the most preferred for bees, but is not always available for the beekeeper.
  2. The semi-artificial waxing for bees is made from wax with different impurities, like paraffin. This mixture makes the finished sheets are not very strong, but cheap, so they are often purchased by beekeepers, wanting to save.
  3. Artificial wax is made of plastic or paraffin. Wax is usually not there, at least when buying. It is applied immediately before use - placement in the frame.

The last two species are usually tinted in yellow or bright yellow color, so that the appearance was natural.

Pros and cons of non-natural product

Artificial wax

About the benefits of non-natural creatures are zealous disputes. It is difficult to say how safe or dangerous they are, but there are opinions with which it is difficult to argue. Let's start with the benefits:

  • long service life - up to 10 years;
  • simplifying work, reducing cash costs;
  • such a bee area for bees is not deformed when used;
  • It is not expensive - it is quite affordable material.

In addition, it is much easier to store a plastic liner, it usually does not break, does not bend, therefore it is always ready for use. But those beekeepers who have already used it in their farm have managed to highlight some shortcomings.

Photo of non-natural wax

  • The presence of dyes, which are used to tint sheets, can adversely affect the health of bees.
  • Sheets need to be treated from time to time for diseases and pests.
  • If the sheet is damaged, it can not be repaired.
  • Before use on both sides be sure to apply a thin layer of wax.
  • Plastic is an artificial material, there is no exact information about how it affects the quality of honey or how it is generally perceived by bees.

How to make foundation?

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Mechanical method

Depending on the type of flat material produced, the production technology may differ.

  • For the production of natural honeycomb is usually used mechanical method. For this, manual or automatic rollers with cell relief are used, through which heated, softened wax is passed. The second option is a press consisting of two plates on which a hexahedral cell pattern is applied. In a press put the softened wax and thus receive a wax.
Important! On large apiaries, automatic rollers are usually used, and not small ones can be dispensed with with a press.
  • Artificial and semi-artifacts produced at enterprises. They are usually not done manually, as they use wax with admixtures for production, or they do without wax at all. Finished canvas can be purchased in stores or on request.

How to make your own natural wax?

Waxing do it yourself

To make a natural waxing you need to purchase wax coping. Such a device is purchased once and completely pays for itself, because without it it will be difficult to make a natural foundation, and the purchase will not be cheap!

Important! There are many types of presses available for sale, you need to acquire the look that fits the framework at the apiary (grandfather or rue), otherwise the finished mite may not be framed.

To make the foundation it is necessary to warm up the necessary amount of wax to 90 degrees. Then cool for 3-5 minutes so that it thickens a little. Now, evenly, the wax is poured into the press and from there comes the finished waxing for the bees in a couple of minutes.

As you can see, the method is very simple and does not require much effort, but only a good press, wax and compliance with the temperature regime, as well as the cooling time.

Is it possible to make an artificial foundation?

Artificial wax

It is considered that it is very difficult to make an artificial foundation with your own hands. This is partly true. In this case, you need a few specific auxiliary things:

  • 600 ml of silicone;
  • adhesive tape or tape;
  • 40 g of catalyst;
  • natural or artificial surface;
  • putty knife.

To begin work, a factory wax is placed on a hard surface. The surface must be absolutely flat, smooth and firm so that it does not go and is not loose. Now with the help of adhesive tape is made a side (glued to the factory form), so that the silicone does not spread. The catalyst interferes with the silicone and pours into the mold. Then you need to wait until it hardens. Now the silicone waxing is separated from the factory form with a spatula. Here is such an affordable method.

How to make the bees pull back?

Photo of honeycombs and bees

One of the most important conditions for the detuning of the plate is the presence in nature of a bribe and the bringing of fresh pollen. Top dressing with syrup does not solve this problem. If there is no bribe, neither the strength of the family nor the place where the honeycomb can be placed will have a role, the bees will not rebuild the honeycomb.

Another secret of beekeepers is that if a bee colony is not very strong, 5-6 brood frames will be made on the edges of the brood. If the bee colony has 8 and more frames with brood, then it is possible to put the foundation in the center of the brood part of the nest. Too sharp expansion of the nest is dangerous and with returnable cold can cause brood diseases. For this reason, it is desirable to substitute one box of honeycomb.

Preserved storage

Photo of wax

The method of storing the honeycomb depends on whether it is natural or not. An artificial product is the easiest to store - it does not require special conditions. Sheets are stacked in any convenient room and stored as needed. Since they are not natural, pests and rodents are unlikely to be interested in them.

The natural honeycomb for bees should be stored at above zero temperature. If you store it in a room where it is about -5 degrees Celsius, in the spring, when they get it, it will most likely just crumble. Usually it is stacked in a pile of 5-7 pieces, wrapped in wrapping paper or any other. Then put in boxes and determine where it will lie until it is needed.

It is impossible to say for sure which type of honeycomb is better - natural, semi-artificial or artificial. Each beginner beekeeper must try out all kinds in order to understand their advantages and disadvantages. Then he will be able to choose for work exactly that foundation, which will be more convenient, more practical and more reliable.