What are the vitamins in cabbage


Cabbage is different. On sale you can find white, broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts and many other species. But what is their benefit? What are the vitamins in cabbage, and are there any? This article describes the types of cabbage and their vitamin composition.

What vitamins in white cabbage are

The most common and beloved by everyone is the cabbage. This is the easiest species that is grown by gardeners around the world. It has a lot of nutrients necessary for the normal functioning of the human body.

Cabbage has anti-inflammatory, healing, cleansing, antimicrobial properties. It can relieve pain, relieve throat diseases. However, it is not recommended to eat it fresh with increased acidity of the stomach, bleeding (in the gastrointestinal tract).

Important! When pancreatitis, gastritis, ulcers, the use of white cabbage should be strictly limited! It can cause colic, bloating and many other problems.

Vitamins in white cabbage

100 g of fresh cabbage contains only 28 kcal. The main substances are:

  • Fat - 0.1 g;
  • Proteins - 1.8 g;
  • Carbohydrates - 4.7 g

What vitamins in white cabbage abound:

  • Vitamin A - 3 mcg;
  • B1 - 0.03 mg;
  • B2 - 0.07 mg;
  • B4 - 10.7 mg;
  • B6 - 0.1 mg;
  • B9 - 22 µg;
  • C - 60 mg;
  • E - 0.1 mg;
  • K - 76 µg;
  • PP - 0.9 mg.

There are also a lot of minerals in this product. The most important of them are listed below.

  • Potassium - 300 mg;
  • Calcium - 48 mg;
  • Phosphorus - 37 mg;
  • Chlorine - 37 mg;
  • Sulfur - 31 mg;
  • Magnesium - 16 mg;
  • Sodium - 13 mg;

The amount of vitamins and minerals indicated in 100 g of fresh cabbage.

The above vitamins and minerals are contained in such quantities only in fresh cabbage. If it has been heat treated (especially cooking, frying, stewing), the amount of nutrients in it will be reduced.

Is there any benefit in sauerkraut

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Sauerkraut - a frequent guest at the dinner table. Everyone loves her, many dishes are combined with her, and even are made from it. But is it useful? Sauerkraut is a very valuable, nutritious product. It contains many vitamins and minerals, but it should be used in moderation.

Beneficially this product affects the gastrointestinal tract, the endocrine system. It is noticed that this product slows down the processes of aging, accumulation of fat, strengthens the immune system. But he has many contraindications. It is not recommended to eat it:

  • with gastritis with increased acidity of the stomach, ulcers, renal failure, urolithiasis;
  • during lactation;
  • with allergies or idiosyncrasies.

Vitamins in sauerkraut

100 g of the product is about 23 kcal. The number of basic substances:

  • Fat - 0.1 g;
  • Proteins - 1.8 g;
  • Carbohydrates - 3 g.

From vitamins in sauerkraut a lot:

  • Vitamin A - 600 mcg;
  • B1 - 0.3 mg;
  • B2 - 0.04 mg;
  • B5 - 0.2 mg;
  • B6 - 0.1 mg;
  • B9 - 8.9 µg;
  • C — 38.1 mg;
  • E — 0.2 mg;
  • H - 0.1 μg;
  • PP - 0.9 mg.

Of the minerals is to provide:

  • Chlorine - 1249.2 mg;
  • Potassium - 283.4 mg;
  • Calcium - 50 mg;
  • Sulfur - 34.6 mg;
  • Phosphorus - 29.8 mg;
  • Sodium - 21.8 mg;
  • Magnesium - 16.3 mg;
  • Aluminum - 493.7 mcg;
  • Boron - 197 mcg.

The composition also contains vanadium, iron, cobalt, lithium, manganese, copper, iodine, nickel, molybdenum, rubidium, zinc, chromium and fluorine. The amount of vitamins and minerals indicated in 100 g of the product.

Interesting! According to folk signs, sour cabbage is best for 5-6 days after the new moon. If the cabbage is fermented at full moon, it will quickly deteriorate and will not be tasty.

Vitamins in cauliflower

Cauliflower is known to mankind more than 2.5 thousand years ago. It is an indispensable product for strengthening bones and cartilage. It is recommended for diseases of the blood, to improve the immune system, the general cleansing of the body and the walls of blood vessels, including. It is contraindicated to use it only for gout, allergies, kidney stones and heart failure.

Vitamins in cauliflower

100 g of the product contains only 25 kcal. Basic substances:

  • Fat - 0.28 g;
  • Proteins - 1.91 g;
  • Carbohydrates - 4.97 g.

What vitamins in cauliflower, and in what quantities they are available:

  • Vitamin A - 3 mcg;
  • B1 - 0.1 mg;
  • B2 - 0.1 mg;
  • B4 - 45.2 mg;
  • B5 - 0.9 mg;
  • B6 - 0.16 mg;
  • B9 - 23 µg;
  • C - 70 mg;
  • E — 0.2 mg;
  • H - 1.5 µg;
  • K - 16 μg;
  • PP - 1 mg.

There are a lot of minerals in this type of vegetable:

  • Potassium - 299 mg;
  • Phosphorus - 44 mg;
  • Sodium - 30 mg;
  • Calcium - 22 mg;
  • Magnesium - 15 mg;
  • Iron - 0.42 mg;

Selenium, copper, fluorine, zinc and manganese are also available.

Cauliflower is much better than white cabbage. So nutritionists, first of all, recommend to use it or her broccoli. Unfortunately, both of these vegetables are extremely rare for kids, and not all adults are happy about her presence on the plate. But if you learn to cook them, you can make real culinary masterpieces. Many hostesses, for example, mask the taste of cauliflower, while others improve it at the expense of other components of the dish.

What vitamins are available in sea kale

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Laminaria is a kelp algae suitable for human consumption. This is a very exotic product. But it is very useful, and therefore recently popular in the sale. Although sea kale is usually processed, dried, or other products are added to it, it does not lose its nutritional value.

Important! The composition of seaweed depends on the light, salinity, temperature of sea water in which it grows.

With regular use of seaweed, the body is cleansed of radionuclides, cholesterol and other harmful substances. The work of the gastrointestinal tract is normalized, the overall weight of the body decreases. In addition, the immunity is strengthened, the nutrition of the brain is improved, the hormonal background is normalized.

Vitamins in sea kale

Damage to seaweed can bring, if you use it with:

  • allergies;
  • endocrine diseases;
  • hemorrhagic diathesis;
  • acute gastrointestinal diseases.

In 100 g of seaweed 24.9 kcal. Also in the composition are:

  • Fat - 0.2 g;
  • Protein - 0.9 g;
  • Carbohydrates - 3 g.

Vitamin composition suggests high benefits of this product.

  • Vitamin A - 100 mcg;
  • B1 - 0.04 mg;
  • B2 - 0.06 mg;
  • B6 - 0.02 mg;
  • B9 - 2.2 µg;
  • C — 1.9 mg;
  • PP - 0.5 mg.

There are a lot of minerals in seaweed, the main ones are listed below.

  • Potassium - 942.1 mg;
  • Chlorine - 573.8 mg;
  • Sodium - 505.5 mg;
  • Magnesium 165.1 mg;
  • Calcium - 42.4 mg;
  • Phosphorus - 53.4 mg;
  • Iron - 15.6 mg;

It is also necessary to mention such important minerals as iodine, sulfur, cobalt, manganese, copper, molybdenum, zinc, which are also present in the composition, but in smaller quantities.

The useful composition of broccoli

Broccoli has a mass of nutrients. It cleanses the body of toxins, restores the liver, prevents anemia. In chemical composition, this cabbage is not inferior to a pumpkin, and in some moments even better.

Broccoli is the only kind of cabbage that contains sulforaphane - a substance that blocks the division of malignant cells. Therefore, its regular use is very useful in cancer. It is not recommended to use it only with individual intolerance and acute diseases of the pancreas.

Interesting! Broccoli is an antidepressant recognized by doctors.

Vitamins in broccoli

100 g of product contains:

  • 34 Kcal;
  • Fat - 0.4 g;
  • Proteins - 2.8 g;
  • Carbohydrates - 6.6 g

And what vitamins in broccoli cabbage:

  • Vitamin A - 386 mcg;
  • B1 - 0.071 mg;
  • B2 - 0.117 mg;
  • B5 - 0,573 mg;
  • B6 - 0.175 mg;
  • B9 - 63 µg;
  • C - 89.2 mg;
  • E — 0.78 mg;
  • K — 101.6 mg;
  • PP - 1.107 mg.

Minerals in the cabbage of this species are also quite a few.

  • Potassium - 316 mg;
  • Phosphorus - 66 mg;
  • Calcium - 47 mg;
  • Sodium - 33 mg;
  • Magnesium - 21 mg;
  • Iron - 0.73 mg.

Also in small quantities contains manganese, copper, selenium and zinc.

Interesting! Broccoli puree can be given even to small children in the period of the first feeding! This is a very useful product that nourishes the baby’s body with essential vitamins and minerals.

Other types of cabbage and their benefits

In addition to the above types of cabbage, there are several that also have a unique composition. So, what kind of composition they have:

Vitamins in red cabbage

  • Red cabbage is similar to white cabbage, but has a purple-red color. She is rich in potassium. Calories - 26 kcal / 100 g
  • Kale cabbage calorie suitable for a diet menu. In 100 g 21 kcal. A glass of boiled cabbage contains 10% of the daily requirement of vitamin B6 and magnesium, 12% of the norm of iron and 26% of calcium.
  • Savoy cabbage appeared not so long ago as most types of cabbage, but it has many advantages. It has much more vegetable protein and vitamins than in many other types. However, it is easy to grow and store, so in terms of cultivation on the site, it is the best. Calories - 28 kcal / 100 g
  • Beijing cabbage is a leader in the amount of vitamin C in the composition. It has only 16 kcal per 100 g. It is also rich in amino acids, glucose and organic acids.
Interesting! Beijing cabbage, according to Chinese teachings, is considered a symbol of longevity and health.
  • Brussels sprouts also contain a lot of vitamin C and are a powerful antioxidant. In addition, it is appreciated for its delicate and pleasant taste. She even likes kids! There are only 43 kcal per 100 g.
  • Kohlrabi looks different from other types of cabbage, but it is very tasty. This is a low-calorie, low-calorie type of vegetable (42 kcal / 100 g) and rich in vitamin composition. In particular, it contains a lot of sulfur, fructose, vitamins A, E, K, PP, B2.
  • Pak-choi Chinese cabbage contains a lot of vitamins A and C, vegetable proteins, fats, dietary fiber, sodium, calcium, iron and magnesium. It has a rather delicate flavor, so it is recommended for fresh consumption. 100 g of the product is only 13 kcal.
  • Japanese cabbage is a variety common in Japan. In terms of chemical composition, it is almost identical to albumen, but its taste is more delicate, without bitterness. In 100 g of this vegetable - 23 kcal.

As you can see, different types of cabbage differ not only in appearance, but also in composition, taste, properties. At the same time, it is impossible to say which type of cabbage is the most useful, because in different cases it can improve health or harm, so it is important to study in which cases a particular vegetable is useful, and when it is contraindicated to eat cabbage.