Vegetable

Planting carrots in the winter

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By the winter, crops such as onions, garlic, and cereals are usually planted. Recently, planting carrots before winter has also become very popular. This technology has a number of positive and negative sides and should be carried out according to certain rules, otherwise there will be no germination in the spring.

Benefits and possible problems

Carrot

There are many reasons why autumn planting is preferable, but at the same time, this method has many drawbacks. For a start it is worth considering all the benefits.

  • "Winter" carrots allows you to get an earlier harvest. For comparison, spring carrots are harvested in July, and autumn in about June.
  • Carrot seeds contain essential oils that "inhibit" their germination after spring sowing. If you plant carrots before winter, then during the period of cold weather, the essential oils will erode, and the seeds will start growing in early spring without delay.
Interesting! Planting carrots is recommended after cucumbers, melons, cabbage, tomatoes. But the predecessors in the form of other root vegetables are not recommended!
  • During the germination of seeds planted in the fall, there is a lot of natural moisture in the ground (melted snow). This allows you to save time on watering and get a more delicious, sweet carrot, because it is known that natural moisture (rain, snow) contains more useful elements needed for plants than water from a water supply system or even a well.

In addition to the above, we should not forget that the gardener's time is much longer in the autumn, and not in the spring, and planting carrots before the winter is a great “unloading” on the tight spring schedule. Now about the shortcomings.

  • Carrots planted before winter cannot completely replace carrots planted in spring. The reason is that such roots are stored no more than 2-3 months. So for the winter they are definitely not enough.
  • Carrots do not always germinate together in large quantities. If you do not adhere to the technology, seeds can freeze out. Moreover, it is important to be prepared for the fact that some of the seeds, one way or another, will freeze in the spring - this is inevitable.

When to plant carrots before winter?

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When planting carrots in the winter you need to carefully consider the timing. As a rule, this time falls on the second part of the autumn. For example, if garlic is planted before mid-October, then carrots can be sown 3-4 weeks later.

Important! Planting carrots for the winter should be carried out at such a time that it does not have time to germinate before constant frost.

It is not recommended to sow carrots until mid-November. In the northern regions, you can do it around the beginning of November, but it is better to delay a little than to sow earlier than the required time. The fact is that if the seeds germinate before the onset of frost, the carrots will simply freeze. So gardeners recommend sowing already on frozen soil in November.

Seed and bed preparation

Preparation of beds

If there is any doubt as to whether carrot seeds can survive the winter in the ground, it is worthwhile to take a responsible approach to the selection of the variety. Of course, not every type of carrot is resistant to significant cold snaps, but there are a number of cold-resistant combs that you need to focus on. Of the popular and common for autumn sowing fit: "Nantes 4", "NIIOH 336", "Shantane 2461", "Moscow Winter", "Losinoostrovskaya 13", "Vitaminnaya 6".

Seeds for planting need to purchase in specialized stores. This will increase the chance of good germination. Processing them before planting is not required, except that you can dip into the solution of potassium permanganate (to get rid of possible diseases), but then they must be thoroughly dried.

Important! Seeds of carrots for autumn planting can not be soaked or treated with growth amplifiers, so that they do not begin to germinate ahead of time!

In order to prepare a good land for winter planting, you need to pay attention to the preferences of the culture. For carrots, loamy or sandy soil with low or neutral acidity is preferred. In addition to its nutritional value and looseness, such a land has another big plus — it does not condense much during the winter.

Before planting, the bed is cleaned of weeds, previous crops that grew on it, and also saturated with organic matter - up to 2 kg of humus, 15 g of potassium salt and 20 g of superphosphate are needed per square meter of bed. In the acidic soil, 300-400 g of chalk are also applied to a square or glass of wood ash.

Technology planting carrots in the winter

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After all preparations, you can proceed directly to sowing seeds. Planting carrots in the winter begins with loosening the soil and making furrows for planting. The depth of the furrows is 4-5 cm on average.

Interesting! Carrots are not afraid of cold. Its seeds germinate at a temperature of +3 degrees, and they quite easily tolerate frosts of up to -5 degrees.

So that the seeds do not immediately freeze, use warm earth for planting. It is poured into a bag, heated at home, near the battery or just in a warm room. When the furrows are made, warm earth is poured into them with a thin layer (no more than 1 cm). Then sow the seeds, as in the spring and on top also sprinkled with warm soil. Some gardeners fall asleep seeds of a different color. This allows the spring to quickly find where the carrots were planted.

Care of crops

Until winter, sown carrots do not require special care. The only thing worth taking care of is the weatherization of the beds. To do this, they are covered with mulch like peat, sawdust, straw or compost. In the spring, after the snow melts, you need to remove a layer of mulch covering the garden bed, set arcs and stretch white agrofibre or film over the carrot to create favorable conditions for seed germination.

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