With the onset of September, gardeners think about how to plant onions before winter. Autumn planting has many advantages, so gardeners usually opt for it. But how to carry out the procedure correctly, especially if the site is located in such regions as the Urals, the Moscow region, Siberia or the Leningrad region. Planting onions for the winter with all the subtleties of the process will be described in this article.
What are the advantages of autumn planting onions?
In winter, small onions are usually sown, not large. And although planting onions before winter began only recently, only garlic was planted in the past, today this method has gained popularity, as it has its advantages.
- Small sets, used for sowing before winter, are cheaper than large ones, which appear on the market in spring.
- Harvest appears much earlier. Already in July, you can feast on young, but delicious onions or sell it on the market. The cost of such a product is usually much higher than what is grown from spring.
- A small set usually does not form an arrow. But even if it appears, it will appear later than in the case of a large set-up, and this is definitely a positive side.
- Harm from weeds or diseases is much less, since onions have a stronger immune system - we have survived the winter! It is much easier to weed (it grows faster than weeds, so that you cannot accidentally pluck it out), you need to treat it less often from diseases or pests.
- The harvest of winter onions is very good. Heads rarely get sick, they are well kept in nets, braids, boxes, the main thing is to observe the temperature and humidity in the room.
It is also worth noting that in spring there is not always enough time for planting crops. If you do work in the fall, in the spring there will be less work in the garden.
Planting onion Sevka winter
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Planting onions for the winter begins from the last decade of September and lasts until the second decade of November. More accurate numbers can be called only by region. In the southern, middle and northern regions, the first frost occurs at different times. In the south, this time can be deposited until December, and in the north - the temperature drops rapidly in early October.
The timing of the autumn planting of onions depends on the weather conditions in a particular area. An approximate guide may be the temperature outside. You can start planting onions when the daytime temperature outside ranges from +5 degrees Celsius for several days. At the same time, the air temperature at night should not fall below +3 degrees Celsius.It is important! Choose only winter varieties of onions for planting in winter, which can survive the winter cold, and germinate in spring.
In general, it is worthwhile to navigate so that, before the cold weather, the bulb has started up the root system, but the ground part (feathers) did not have time to germinate. If the onion is planted ahead of time, it will germinate too much and will freeze out in winter, and if it is later than expected, it simply will not have time to take root and will rot over the winter.
Onion mulching with sawdust
Features of planting onions before winter in the suburbs
Winters in this region are not as severe as in Siberia, so problems should not arise. The time of planting onions in the fall in the suburbs usually falls on October. This may be the middle of the month or closer to November - but you should follow the thermometer!
Planting onions before winter is similar in any of the regions. Only the timing and preparation of the bed for wintering differ. Onions should be sorted, moved (the bad one should be removed immediately). Cut winter garlic can not be! If you cut it, it will simply freeze, as it does not have time to take root in the cold ground. But if you do not prune, then he will calmly and slowly be able to germinate, take root to frost. Yes, and it makes no sense to cut the onions - in the spring they do it so that it grows faster, but in this case it is not required.
In the finished, fertilized land, grooves are made 5 cm deep. The distance between individual beds should be 20 cm. The bulbs are placed in the ground at a distance of 7-10 cm from each other, bottom down. After that, they are powdered with earth. Watering is not worth it. Autumn soil is already wet, excessive watering can lead to freezing or rotting of onions. If planted more densely, the crops will have to be thinned in the spring, otherwise you can not wait for large heads.
If the temperature drops below -20 degrees Celsius in winter, you can cover the beds with mulch or agrofiber. This will be a good protection from frost and will not allow the ground to freeze so that the onions are frozen out.
Marking a plot for autumn planting onions
Planting onions in the Leningrad regionWe recommend reading our other articles.
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Onion planting time for the winter in the Leningrad region falls on the first decade of October. The best varieties for this region are those that are zoned in this area. The process of planting is no different from what is described above. However, mulching in this area is mandatory.
It is carried out, as a rule, already in winter. The bed is covered with 5 cm of compost or similar material. It is not recommended to use peat - in the Leningrad region there is high humidity, and peat absorbs moisture.Important! If the winter is snowless, it is worthwhile to mulch the bed on top of a layer of peat or compost leaves. This can be done throughout the winter, the main thing is simply to ensure that there is a layer above the garden bed that protects the earth and the onions in it from freezing.
Our readers recommend reading: how to grow onion batun, the rules of planting onions on a turnip, the best varieties of onions with a description.
When to plant onions before winter in the Urals?
In the Urals, cold comes early. If you delay with planting a good harvest for the next year, you can not wait. Even half of the onions can not germinate. In order not to miscalculate with time, it is worth being guided by the weather, but the approximate time is the end of September - the beginning of October. By the middle of October, onions should be planted and well mulled.
Planting onions before winter in the Urals is similar to that described above. Only after the onions are covered with earth, the bed must be tamped a little and covered with a layer of 10-15 cm mulch. Peat, compost, straw are used as mulch.Important! The variety of onions for Siberia or the Urals should have good winter hardiness (“Siberian Luk”, “Radar”). A simple summer or even a weak winter variety will not work. It simply will not withstand temperatures below -30 degrees, and this is not uncommon in these regions.
If the cold struck before the deadline beds can try to save. For this, they are simply covered with some kind of material, like dense agrofibre film. They are necessary so that before rooting the bulbs do not freeze out. And after 2-3 weeks they are removed, so that the bow does not set in growth under such a reliable shelter. If the winter was very frosty and prolonged, you can install additional shelter over the beds - like a greenhouse, only with good ventilation.
Planting of onions for the winter in Siberia
In Siberia, onions are planted in almost the same way as in the Urals. The term of planting onions for the winter falls on the beginning of October. Until the middle of the month all the work must be completed. But it is desirable that the landing was completed in early October.
Winters here are very harsh, so you need to plant onions according to all the rules. Additional watering is not recommended - onions can freeze out at the first slight frosts. But the layer of mulch can be increased to 20-25 cm.Important! If the winter is snowy, to prevent freezing, it is necessary to throw more snow on the beds with onions throughout the winter.
In Siberia and the Urals, winters are marked by strong and frosty winds. For planting is not very good. Therefore, it is worthwhile to install artificial protection from two sides of the bed (corner) so that it “brakes” the wind and prevents it from harming the landings.