Beekeeping

How to feed guinea fowl at home

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Guinea fowl, as poultry began to breed relatively recently. That is why young breeders find it difficult to navigate how to keep this bird, and most importantly - what to feed it. Feeding guinea fowls at home in the winter and at different periods of life will be described later in the article.

What kind of food can be given to guinea fowls?

Before proceeding to a detailed description of feeding guinea fowls, you need to decide what kind of food they eat at all - what can you buy and harvest?

  • Cereals are as important for this bird as for any other. Best guinea fowl digested oats, barley, corn, wheat.
  • Greens are given in large quantities, if the bird does not walk or in small, if it happens every day on walking. Guinea fowls can be: clover, nettle, dandelion, cabbage, lettuce, alfalfa.
  • Succulent feed - mash of root vegetables and vegetables.
  • Hay and hay dust is a solid feed and is given after steaming and grinding - it is mixed in the mash.

    It is necessary to decide on what kind of food guinea fowls generally eat.

  • Compound feed. Since it is very expensive in itself, it is usually given in a mixture with cereals. For one part of the feed taken 3-4 parts of the grain.
  • Fish, meat and bone meal contain many vitamins.
  • Salt is fed in very small doses. The daily rate per adult should not exceed 1 gram.
  • Vitamins and minerals can be bought at the pharmacy, they are added to water or feed. Especially important for females during the egg-laying period and for males, if you need to get fertilized eggs. They are also regularly given to young guinea fowls at the age of up to a month so that they develop well.

Also separately worth making guinea fowls capacity with gravel, crushed shell and chalk. They are necessary for cleansing the stomach, but in addition, chalk and shell (especially if it is sea), contain many minerals necessary for guinea fowls.

What feed guinea fowl from the first days of life?

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Feeding guinea fowls for up to a month is the most important and crucial period. At this age, they are most susceptible to diseases, so you need to ensure that they have high-quality food, a balanced diet, fresh water.

  • On the first day of life, guinea fowls are given a boiled hard-boiled and chopped egg. To this can be mixed or given separately after a couple of hours soaked in milk bread or soft porridge from wheat grain. Before serving, the bread must be well ground so that the chicks do not choke. Sometimes, from the first day, guinea fowls are fed with feed for broiler chickens. If the feed is large, it is simply ground. Vitamins can be added to water to increase the body resistance of newborn guinea fowls to diseases.

    Feeding guinea fowls for up to a month is the most important and crucial period.

  • From the 3rd day it is necessary to introduce cottage cheese into the diet. It has a lot of protein, which plays an active role in the growth and development of young. Eggs are given for the last time. Also it is necessary to feed the greens in small quantities (clover) and cereals from millet, barley and corn (chopped).
  • On the fifth day in a brooder or poultry house, where young guinea fowls are kept, they put a bowl with crushed shell, gravel and chalk. Food is all the same, only you can give a little more grain and greens. Vitamins must still be present in the water or they can be added to the feed.
  • On day 7, a mash of crushed carrots, boiled potatoes, and beets is added to the diet on the basis of sour milk. During this period, guinea fowls need a lot of greens, so in the diet they increase a portion of green fodder. Birds can be given: clover, dandelion, nettle, lettuce, cabbage.
  • At week 3, the young guinea fowls are already completely independent and begin to walk on the walk for most of the day and look for food there. In the house they are given wet mash of vegetables and cereal grains.

Feeding guinea fowls at home from the first day of their life is carried out 8 times a day - every 2 hours. By the age of one month, this amount should be reduced to 5 times.

Clean water should always be in the chicks. You need to change it as often as possible. Guinea fowl chicks can be active. They run, drive dust and can quickly contaminate the drinker. Therefore, the purity of water must be monitored and changed from time to time.

The diet of guinea fowls from 1 month

From the month of guinea fowl can be considered quite adult. They are fully translated to adult food. Feeding guinea fowls is now carried out 2-3 times a day. In the morning and in the afternoon, the mash is made of succulent feed and wet cereal from cereals, and in the evening they give dry grain. It is slowly digested, and therefore until the morning the guinea fowl will not starve.

From the month of guinea fowl can be considered quite adult.

Poultry rations begin to include cereal or vegetable mash with meat waste, chopped peas, finely chopped fish, and yeast. All of these products contain a lot of protein, because to include them all at once is not worth it. Usually given at a time any one of the products listed.

If a bird is fed with mixed feed, then it needs to eat 150 g of mixed feed and 50 g of greens per day. In addition, must be freely available shell, chalk. If guinea fowls are fed with simple home-made food, then an adult should be eaten per day: 90 g of cereals, 30-50 g of greens, 15 g of fish or meat meal, 20-30 g of root vegetables, 15 g of hay, 6 g of yeast, 5 g of shells , 3 g of fish oil and 0.3-1 g of salt.

How and what to feed guinea fowl in the winter?

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In terms of feeding, guinea fowls are very similar to chickens. Feed them almost as well. In certain periods of the year, they are given more than those or other products that are available in abundance. So, in the spring of the basis of food are insects, if there is walking. In summer, the greens of all possible varieties are actively eaten. In the fall, guinea fowls prefer to feast on leaves, seeds, berries. But what to give guinea fowl in the winter?

In addition to those products that were described above and are available in abundance in winter, and not only in the warm season, it is also worth adding a few new products to the diet of guinea fries in the winter.

Supplements to guinea fries in the winter

  • The needles of spruce contain a lot of vitamins, trace elements, essential oils and in fact it is the only greens that can be found on the street in winter. It is given not just like that, entirely, because the bird will not be able to eat it. First, the needles are crushed in a meat grinder or blender, and only then given to guinea fowls, mixing them in masses or feeding them separately, as a delicacy.
  • The shell of eggs is given mainly to females, which are carried, because there is a lot of calcium in it.
  • Ash - some guinea fowls may eat ash in winter, as it is rich in nutrients.
  • Silo is the perfect substitute for greenery in winter. It is easy to buy it, but in terms of nutritional value, it has practically no equal, except perhaps the green itself.
  • Germinated grain is very useful for guinea fowls, and it is not difficult to make it.

It is important to note that in the winter, feeding of guinea fowls at home is carried out not 2-3 times, but 3-4 times a day. The reason is that guinea fowls almost do not walk in the winter, and even if they are often released, they are unlikely to find food. Therefore, you need to fill the lack of food in the house, and this can be done only by increasing the portions and the number of feed.

Expert advice

Guinea fowl - an unusual bird, in the compound it is rare to meet, but it feeds for the most part, like the usual chickens. The following are tips for feeding guinea fowls, which will help settle the diet and make it most effective for the guinea fowl to grow and develop as quickly as possible.

Newborn guinea fowls need feeding in just a couple of hours.

  • Newborn guinea fowls need feeding in a couple of hours. The longer they do not get food, the worse, so for their birthday you need to be prepared in advance.
  • Little guinea fowls are always given only fresh food. The reason is that they simply refuse to eat sour, spoiled food. But, in addition, it is very harmful and can cause diarrhea, and then the death of a bird.
  • Instead of shells, breeders often give crushed egg shells. In small quantities, it is not harmful, but with frequent feeding, guinea fowls become aggressive, and cannibalism can even be observed.

VIDEO - Guinea fowl bird without a problem

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