Beekeeping

Broiler ducks

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Growing meat ducks can be profitable. They grow quickly, are quick, have tender, nourishing meat. But improper living conditions, feeding, breeding can lead to a change in the taste of meat and loss of body weight of the bird and cause damage to the breeder. Broiler ducks also come in different breeds, some of them are recommended for breeding, others are average. The article answers the most frequent questions of breeders concerning the cultivation and breeding at home of broiler ducks of different breeds and a list with a brief description of the most productive broilers.

Description of the best breeds of broiler ducks

To keep the bird profitable, it must pay for itself. In this case, from the duck you can get healthy meat in considerable quantities. But which broiler breed for breeding ducks to choose so that it was not unprofitable?

The best breeds of broiler ducks

  • Mulard (Mullard) were bred in France. This breed of ducks differ in dietary meat with a low rate of fat. Mass gain quickly when feeding even the most simple, cheap food. But there is one drawback - they breed Mullards ducks only by artificial means.
  • Cherry Valley - very popular look. With proper feeding by 2 months, ducks and drakes can reach 3.5 kg! At the same time, the bird has a high survival rate, and after 6 months of life, the female gives up to 150 eggs / year.
  • Blagovarsky - a very popular cross due to the early ripening of the ducks. By week 7, females reach 3.4 kg, males - 3.7 kg! Per kilogram weight gain, on average, 2.8 kg of good feed. The meat is tasty, tender. The survival rate of young stock is up to 98%.
  • Medeo - able to reach 2 kg in 2 months, but only with proper care. They also need good food, then besides meat the breeder will be able to receive up to 150 eggs a year from one layer.
  • Agidel - broiler ducks that can be grown even in bad conditions. Birds of this species are kept in large aviaries, poultry houses or cages. Practically not affected by the disease, early. 3 kg of the bird reaches only 6 months. At the same time, she gives 240 eggs per year. Fertility is approximately 93%.

In addition, Indian runners, Super M, Black white-breasted broilers, Hungarian variegated, Moscow white are also considered to be good broiler duck species.

How to contain broiler ducks?

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Utyatnik for broiler ducks settles in the same as for any other types of ducks. Main rules:

  • good ventilation;
  • purity;
  • dryness.

    Content of broiler ducks

It is important that the litter is thick, especially if the bird lasts all year round, and not just the whole warm period. Limestone (0.5 kg / sq. M) is usually lined at the very bottom of the floor, and the bedding itself is laid on top. The top layer can be any: wood chips, straw, peat, other available suitable material.

Walking is usually done if the bird is contained in the house, and not in cages. But cellular content applies only to certain breeds, such as Agidel. Not be superfluous and a place for swimming (water, lake or a small pond). Read more about the content in the article - the correct content of the ducks at home.

How to feed broilers?

Monthly and older broiler ducks feed 3 times a day. Grain mixtures or just compound feed are given as a constant feed. Be sure to need a bird wet mash from carrot, beet tops, root crops, greens (duckweed, nettle, clover).

Feeding broiler ducks

A bowl with chopped shells and chalk is placed in the duckling bowl. In the diet is worth from time to time to add fish oil. Files should always be filled with clean, fresh water.

Broilers are usually allowed to slaughter for 60-90 days. The reason for such an early slaughter is that after 2-3 months they can start shedding. Shedding adversely affects not only the feathers and down of ducks, but also the condition of the skin (pads appear), the taste of meat.

What diseases are affected?

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Broiler breeds of ducks most often suffer from hepatitis, tuberculosis, fusaryotoxicosis, hymenolepiasis, paratyphoid fever, salmonellosis. Also, with improper feeding, they can get avitaminosis.

Ducklings up to 30 days are subject to kutikulitu Older individuals are also susceptible to partial blockage of goiter, catarrh or omphalitis.

If any sign of the disease is detected, the infected individual is immediately isolated and the veterinarian is called in to diagnose and prescribe treatment.

To reduce the risk of diseases, it is worth creating good conditions for keeping birds (to worry about cleanliness, lack of drafts), to make an optimal diet and to do a routine vaccination for all newborn individuals.

How to contain broiler ducklings?

In the content of ducklings the main role for their rapid growth and active development is played by only three conditions:

  • good feeding;
  • lack of moisture;
  • correct temperature

The correct temperature regime in a brooder or duckling needs to be observed only until the 55th day of bird life. Subsequent fluctuations due to weather conditions do not cause discomfort. Below is a table with the permissible norms of daylight, humidity, temperature for young individuals.

Day of lifeAllowable temperature (° С)Humidity (%)Duration of daylight hours
1-530-2865-7022-24
6-1525-2365-7020-22
16-2521-1870-7514-16
26-5518-1670-8012-14

For 3 weeks, the ducklings are kept in brooder, sometimes they are brought to fresh air (after reaching 2 weeks) and only after 3 weeks of life they can be released into the reservoir.

A big role in fattening birds is feeding it from the first days of life with quality food. In order for the birds to grow quickly, they need to provide a complete diet. Food from birth is somewhat different from the birds of the egg direction.

Moulard Ducklings

The first 3-4 days young broiler ducks eat every 2 hours, then transferred to 4-5 meals a day. For the first 3 weeks, it is advisable to feed the young stock with “Start” feed or something similar, and only then the young stock is gradually transferred to pure grain.

You can also give mash from dairy products (yogurt, cottage cheese), skim milk. It is recommended to include potatoes, greens (dandelion, nettle, clover) in the diet from 2 weeks of age. Vitamin supplements have a positive effect on the weight of young animals, their immune system, but in principle they are not necessary if the quality of the fed feed is high. Of the additional vitamins and minerals, poultry may require fish oil, eggshell (crushed), meat and bone meal.

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