Nantes Carrot is one of the most popular varieties for growing at the dacha. It is unpretentious, has a high yield and a lot of other positive qualities. It is about her that will be discussed in this article. The following describes the features of the species, its characteristics, the method of cultivation and care.
Nantes carrot variety was bred in 1943 and recommended for planting in different territorial zones. Breeders assured that it can grow in any climatic conditions and give a stable, large crop, which, by the way, turned out to be true. But more about that below.
The root crop has a typical bright orange color. The form is cylindrical, flat, dull at the end. The length of carrots usually does not exceed 16 cm, the average weight varies between 100-150 g. The taste is juicy, sweetish, even if the fruit has grown larger, and not of medium size. The use of universal - you can cook or eat fresh.
It is important to note that there are the following varieties of Nantes carrots: "Nantes improved", "Nantes red", "Nantes 4". Each species has its own characteristics. The first variety has earlier ripening periods, the second is resistant to the main diseases of carrots, and the third is the most popular and common.
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Characteristics Carrot variety Nantes
In order to fully describe the characteristics of a variety, it is necessary to list all its characteristics, advantages and disadvantages that gardeners will have to face if they decide to plant a culture in their area.
- Nantes carrot is not demanding on the climatic zone for growing, but demanding on the ground. Large yields can only give in light ground.
- Maturing terms - 120 days. When planting crops in May, collect it in September and October. At the time of the end of ripening (end of 4 months) its growth stops. But even if for some reason the carrots were not picked on time, she would quietly lie down in the ground before harvesting, without rotting and without losing taste.
- Despite the actual ripening of the root for 120 days, already at the 50th carrot reaches puchkovy ripeness. It can begin to thin out, eating the collected roots in food. In such a young carrot contains 20% carotene!
- Productivity - 6.5 kg / m. sq. regardless of what climate zone the crop is grown in.
Where is it recommended to grow Nantes carrots?
It is possible to grow a Nantes variety of carrot with success in southern and northern latitudes, as well as in central regions. In this regard, it is universal, which determines its relevance in different regions of the world.
As for the type of soil, it should be a light soil. Heavy land does not give a big harvest, as it were not fertilized. Although, of course, daily weeding and timely feeding can give a positive result. The precursors of a crop can be legumes, potatoes, onions, cucumbers or tomatoes. In the autumn, it is worth sowing winter rye to the place where the carrots will grow. It will ennoble the earth, make it more friable, acceptable for the growth of culture.
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At least 2 weeks before sowing the seeds, you need to prepare the ground - fertilize it with humus, dig and level. Also, it is worth making peat or sand in different soil types to make the ground more friable, because this is an important condition for obtaining a good harvest.
Sowing Nantes carrots is recommended when the soil temperature reaches +20 degrees. From this period, the seeds will be able to slip and grow. For better and faster germination, they can be pre-soaked in water for 2 days, as well as in a solution of potassium permanganate for 15 minutes, for disinfection.
Beds do at a distance of 20-30 cm from each other
Garden beds are made at a distance of 20-30 cm from each other. Sow culture is not thick snake. Since the seeds are small, it will be difficult to keep a distance, so you just have to make sure that there is not a large accumulation of seeds in one place, otherwise the roots will interfere with each other when ripe. Depth seeds 1-2 cm, not more. Above them sprinkle with a thin layer of fertile soil and watered with plenty of water.
Above the garden beds can be covered with agrofiber to keep the plant warm. Only white material is selected! Agrofibre is a source of heat, light and moisture for the culture, as it is watered by the plant without removing the material. The first shoots appear in 10-14 days.
How to care for carrots?
After the emergence of seedlings begins laborious care of the plant. Every day, carrots are watered; after watering, the soil is loosened; as necessary, weeds are harvested. With strong shoots need to thin out the beds. This is done very carefully, so as not to damage the neighboring roots, otherwise the crop will be twisted. Daily watering is reduced to 2 times a week, when the plant reaches the beam ripeness. Part of the care is spraying from pests and diseases: carrot flies, gray rot, Alternaria.
Caring for Nantes Carrots
After the Nantes carrot gets stronger, it is recommended to mulch the rows. This will keep nutrients and moisture in the ground. It will not crack, but because the roots will grow right, smooth. After beam ripening of carrots (50 days from the day of the first shoots), carrots are thinned out so that 6-10 cm of free space remains between the individual roots.
After the final harvest, the carrots are washed, dried, and folded for storage in plastic or fabric bags that are stored in a dark, cool room like a cellar or pantry. The Nantes variety is distinguished by keeping quality, it can last until the beginning of spring or even until the end of May.