Gardening

Autumn apple varieties

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Apples are very useful, so in your own garden it is best to grow trees of different ripening periods to enjoy their unsurpassed taste throughout the year. The article will describe the best autumn varieties of apple trees, their common features and requirements for care.

What are the common features of autumn varieties?

Autumn apple varieties have many similar characteristics by which they can be distinguished from summer and winter varieties.

  • The taste of autumn apples is a cross between winter and summer varieties. They are mixed with the sweetness of summer varieties and the richness of winter; when biting, a characteristic crunch is heard.
  • All such species mature from about the beginning to the middle of September.
  • Collecting apples of autumn varieties is necessary before they themselves begin to fall from the tree. At a minimum, this will preserve their integrity. After collecting the fruits, it is important to let them lie down for 15 days, and only then can they be eaten.
  • The shelf life of autumn apples is less than winter ones, but under proper conditions they will remain until the beginning of January.

What are the best autumn apple varieties?

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The best autumn varieties of apple trees have high yields, excellent taste characteristics, and are also popular for growing on the plot or in mass production.

  • "Mac" ripens in early September. Frost-resistant variety, bred in Canada. Yellow-green peel with lots of violet stripes on a red background. The flesh is white, there may be red streaks. Taste is sweet-sour, gentle. The variety is transportable, often grown for sale.
  • "Pepinka Lithuanian" Also referred to as "Pepinka", "Sarepka" or "Glogerovka". It is very popular among the people, and it is rarely grown for industrial purposes. The size of apples depends on the amount of the crop, the larger it is, the smaller the fruit. Barrel shape, ribbing is not typical. Yellowish color with a red side. The flesh is white, juicy. The tree is medium with a rich crown. The lack of varieties in the unpresentable apples and the instability against diseases and pests.
  • "Glory to the winners" - Ukrainian variety - the result of crossing the apple tree "Papirovka" and "Mac". Fruits up to 150 grams oblong-round shape. There is a thin wax coating on the skin. The color of the skin is light green with a blurry red tint. The flesh is white, juicy and very tasty! The variety is universal, frost-resistant, not afraid of diseases and pests, but can not withstand drought.

    The best autumn apple varieties

  • "Antonovka" - vigorous tree with a massive crown. Gives a harvest for 4-5 years while up to 320 kg of apples per tree are harvested per year! Apples 150-220 grams with a pleasant smell, juicy, sweetish. Barrel-shaped with ribs. Color is green or light yellow. In the refrigerator can lie up to 6 months.
  • "Welsey" bears fruit in any, even in the northern regions. The skin color is yellow with red blurred spots. Light flesh with scarlet veins. Tastes are high, but it is important to note that this indicator depends on the conditions in which the apple tree is grown and its care. More than 250 kg of apples can be harvested from a tree in a productive year.
  • "Champion" - srednerosloy tree with a compact crown. Fruits in 3 years, but the yield is not high. From the tree for 6 years, 60 kg of fruits are collected. Apples large 130-250 grams. Beautiful, yellow-red. Red color comes in the form of stripes, shimmering with a yellow background. Sweet apples have an oval-round shape, sweet, almost unheard of acid. Stored up to 5 months - average transportability due to thin peel.

How to care for autumn varieties?

Apple care

Care autumn varieties are also necessary, as well as summer, especially during the fruiting period. Fertilizing autumn varieties of apple trees, especially the young, 2 times a year. For the first time during flowering, and then again in 2-3 weeks. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied. You can fertilize more often, but this is done carefully, especially during fruiting, so that fertilizer does not fall on the fruit.

Watering is necessary as needed. During dry periods, there should be more water, and closer to spring, when it often rains less, you can even come up with a special system to drain moisture.

In winter, it is recommended to mulch the soil around the trunk with a thick layer of humus or peat. After all, even frost-resistant varieties do not interfere with some heat. If it is very cold in winter, it is worth putting more snow on the branches to protect them from freezing.

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